KATHMANDU, DEC 23 – The political parties are the most corrupt institutions in Nepal, says a new survey carried out by an international anti-corruption watchdog.
The study also reaveals more than one in three South Asians who deal with public services are forced to pay bribe.
The Transparency International (TI’s) report states people in Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka regularly have to pay bribes when dealing with their public institutions, be it to speed up paperworks, avoid problems with authorities such as the police, or simply access basic services. The report surveyed 7,500 people from 2010 and 2011.
Over 53.7 percent of respondents surveyed in Nepal perceived the political parties as the most corrupt institutions, followed by the legislature and the police as the second and the third corrupt institutions respectively.
“People named the political parties as the most corrupt institution as the governments formed after the Constituent Assembly elections failed to control corruption as they had promised before Jana Andolan II in 2006,” said TI-Nepal’s Executive Director Aashish Thapa.
The report entitled “Daily Lives and Corruption, Public Opinion in South Asia” has named the business sector, media, public officials, judiciary, NGOs, religious bodies, military and education system as corruption-prone institutions in Nepal.
Out of the total 1,044 people who were surveyed by Gullup Pakistan to examine the reasons and frequency of bribe in Nepal, major reason for paying bribe was to speed things up to receive a service entitled and avoid a problem.
When asked whom they trust the most to fight corruption in Nepal, respondents said they have the highest confidence in media. The report further states the highest amounts of bribe (exceeding Rs 3,500 per year) was paid by 2.2 percent of Nepali households and 18.8 percent households paid approximately Rs 2,485 to Rs 35,429. On the other hand, the majority 32.2 had to pay approximately less than Rs 2,000 in a year, for receiving services from different sectors.
The report states 40 percent of people reported paying bribes in the past 12 months. The result was startling high in Bangladesh at 66 percent, followed by India and Pakistan with 54 percent and 49 percent respectively.
TI-Nepal Chairman Bishnu Bahadur KC released the report in Kathmandu. Speaking at report release function in Kathmandu, Rukshana Nanayakkar, senior programme coordinator of TI for South Asia, said that bribe is a part of life in South Asian. “People are sick of paying bribes just to get on with their daily lives, and they are sick of sleaze and undue influence of public servants,” he said.Ekantipur Report